Shamash

   The Babylonian sun god, who was closely associated with the older Sumerian solar deity, Utu, and whose symbol was the solar disk. Shamash's father was Nanna, god of the moon; his sister was Inanna, goddess of love and sexual passion; and his principal shrine was originally located at Larsa, northwest of Ur. In the Old Babylonian period, consisting of the early centuries of the second millennium b.c., Shamash became an important dispenser of justice, and for this reason the great Babylonian lawgiver Hammurabi depicted himself receiving his famous law code directly from Shamash. In these same years a new shrine to the god - the Ebabbar, or "Shining House" - was erected at Sippar and competed with Shamash's Larsa temple. Shamash was also a patron deity of soldiers, merchants, hunters, and other travelers, and a number of prayers and hymns reflecting that part of the god's personality have survived. A passage from one of these reads:
   The feeble man calls you from the hollow of his mouth, the humble, the weak, the afflicted, the poor, she whose son is captive constantly and unceasingly confronts you. He whose family is remote, whose city is distant, the shepherd [amid] the terror of the steppe confronts you, the herdsman in warfare, the keeper of sheep among enemies. Shamash, there confronts you the caravan, those journeying in fear, the traveling merchant, the agent who is carrying capital. Shamash, there confronts you the fisherman with his net, the hunter, the bowman who drives the game, with his bird net the fowler confronts you.
   See also: Inanna; Larsa; Nanna

Ancient Mesopotamia dictioary. . 2015.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Shamash — [shä′mäsh] n. 〚< Akkadian shamshu, sun〛 Bab. & Assyr. Myth. the sun god, responsible for summer warmth and the success of crops, and a symbol for justice * * * Sha·mash (shäʹmäsh ) n. Mythology The sun god of Assyro Babylonian religion, worshiped …   Universalium

  • SHAMASH — Le dieu Soleil du panthéon assyro babylonien. L’idéogramme qui le désignait primitivement représentait un disque solaire apparaissant entre deux montagnes, à l’est de la Mésopotamie. Il est fils du dieu Lune, Sin, et de Ningal, sa parèdre; le… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Shamash — es el dios del Sol en la mitología mesopotámica. Para los sumerios recibía el nombre de Utu. Junto con Sin e Ishtar, miembro de la Tríada semita de dioses con relaciones celestes que se incorporó al panteón mesopotámico desde el Periodo Acadio.… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Shamash — [shä′mäsh] n. [< Akkadian shamshu, sun] Bab. & Assyr. Myth. the sun god, responsible for summer warmth and the success of crops, and a symbol for justice …   English World dictionary

  • Shamash — For the Canaanite sun godess, see Shemesh Shamash was the common Akkadian name of the sun god and god of justice in Babylonia and Assyria, corresponding to Sumerian Utu.History and meaningThe name simply means sun . Both in early and in late… …   Wikipedia

  • Shamash — Culte de Shamash, sceau cylindre et son impression, musée du Louvre …   Wikipédia en Français

  • SHAMASH —    Babylonian sun god. According to the personal names from the Akkadperiod, the sun deity, as in other Semitic cultures, may have originally been female. In Mesopotamia, Shamash became identified with the Sumerian sun god Utu, whose shrine was… …   Historical Dictionary of Mesopotamia

  • Shamash — Grabado en el código de Hammurabi, que representa al dios Shamash sentado frente al conquistador babilonio. Como deidad de la justicia, Sahamash entrega a Hammurabi las leyes que debían seguir los hombres. Shamash (Utu para los sumerios) era el… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Shamash — noun The common Akkadian name of the sun god and god of justice in Babylonia and Assyria, corresponding to Sumerian Utu …   Wiktionary

  • Shamash — Solgud (Babylonisk Assyrisk) …   Danske encyklopædi

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